Overview of DNA Microarrays: Types, Applications, and Their Future

Roger Bumgarner1

1 Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Molecular Biology
Unit Number:  Unit 22.1
DOI:  10.1002/0471142727.mb2201s101
Online Posting Date:  January, 2013
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Abstract

This unit provides an overview of DNA microarrays. Microarrays are a technology in which thousands of nucleic acids are bound to a surface and are used to measure the relative concentration of nucleic acid sequences in a mixture via hybridization and subsequent detection of the hybridization events. This overview first discusses the history of microarrays and the antecedent technologies that led to their development. This is followed by discussion of the methods of manufacture of microarrays and the most common biological applications. The unit ends with a brief description of the limitations of microarrays and discusses how microarrays are being rapidly replaced by DNA sequencing technologies. Curr. Protoc. Mol. Biol. 101:22.1.1–22.1.11. © 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords: microarrays; genomics; gene expression; genotyping

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • The Early History of DNA Arrays
  • The Birth of the Modern DNA Array
  • Applications of Microarrays
  • Limitations of DNA Microarrays
  • The Future of DNA Arrays
  • Acknowledgments
  • Literature Cited
  • Figures
     
 
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Literature Cited

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