Lymph Node Staging in the Neck

Daniel T. Boll1, Andrik J. Aschoff1, Jonathan S. Lewin1

1 University Hospitals of Cleveland and Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Unit Number:  Unit A7.7
DOI:  10.1002/0471142719.mia0707s9
Online Posting Date:  August, 2003
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Abstract

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Basic Protocol 1: Imaging of the Lymph Nodes Using MRI
  • Commentary
  • Literature Cited
  • Figures
  • Tables
     
 
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Materials

Basic Protocol 1: Imaging of the Lymph Nodes Using MRI

  Materials
  • Normal saline (0.9% NaCl), sterile
  • Gadolinium‐based MR contrast agent (e.g., Magnevist, Omniscan, or Prohance)
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Figures

Videos

Literature Cited

Literature Cited
   Cummings, B.J. 1993. Radiation therapy and the treatment of the cervical lymph nodes. In Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 2nd ed. (B.J. Cummings, and J.M. Fredrickson, eds.) pp. 1626‐1648. Mosby, St. Louis.
   Daehnert, W. 1999. Chest Disorders. In Radiology Review Manual, 3rd ed. (W. Daehnert, ed.) pp. 418‐420. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.
   Harnsberger, H.R. 1995. Lymph node division by levels. In Head and Neck Imaging, 4th ed. (H.R. Harnsberger, ed) pp. 291‐294. Mosby, St. Louis.
   Kaji, A.V., Mohuchy, T., and Swartz, J.D. 1997. Imaging of cervical lymphadenopathy. Semin. Ultrasound CT MR 18:220‐249.
   Lenz, M., Kersting‐Sommerhoff, B., and Gross, M. 1993. Diagnosis and treatment of the N0 neck in carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract: Current status of diagnostic procedures. Eur. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 250:432‐438.
   Lewin, J.S., Nour, S.G., and Duerk, J.L. 2000. Magnetic resonance image‐guided biopsy and aspiration. Top. Magn. Reson. Imaging 11:173‐183.
   Sakai, O., Curtin, H.D., Romo, L.V., and Som, P.M. 2000. Lymph node pathology: Benign proliferative, lymphoma, and metastatic disease. Radiol.Clin.North Am. 38:979‐998.
   Shellock, F.G. and Crues, J.V. 1998. Aneurysm clips: Assessment of magnetic field interaction associated with a 0.2‐T extremity MR system. Radiology 208:407‐409.
   Shellock, F.G. and Kanal, E. 1998. Aneurysm clips: Evaluation of MR imaging artifacts at 1.5 T. Radiology 209:563‐566.
   Shellock, F.G. and Shellock, V.J. 1998. Cranial bone flap fixation clamps: Compatibility at MR imaging. Radiology 207:822‐825.
   Som, P.M. 1987. Lymph nodes of the neck. Radiology 165:593‐600.
   Som, P.M., Curtin, H.D., and Mancuso, A.A. 2000. Imaging‐based nodal classification for evaluation of neck metastatic adenopathy. Am. J. Roentgenol. 174:837‐844.
   van den Brekel, M.W. 2000. Lymph node metastases: CT and MRI. Eur. J. Radiol. 33:230‐238.
   van den Brekel, M.W., Castelijns, J.A., and Snow, G.B. 1996. Imaging of cervical lymphadenopathy. Neuroimaging Clin. N. Am. 6:417‐434.
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