Pericardial Disease

Vivian S. Lee1

1 New York University Medical Center, New York, New York
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Unit Number:  Unit A11.1
DOI:  10.1002/0471142719.mia1101s00
Online Posting Date:  May, 2001
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Abstract

This unit presents a basic technique for evaluating non‐neoplastic disease of the pericardium with optional contrast‐enhanced sequences for evaluating suspected neoplastic disease. The parameters are based on experience on a Siemens 1.5 T Vision or Symphony and should be altered accordingly for different field strengths and machines from different manufacturers.

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Basic Protocol 1: Imaging of Nonneoplastic Pericardium
  • Alternate Protocol 1: Imaging of Neoplastic Pericardium
  • Commentary
  • Figures
  • Tables
     
 
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Materials

Basic Protocol 1: Imaging of Nonneoplastic Pericardium

  Materials
  • Normal saline (0.9% NaCl), sterile
  • Gadolinium‐based MR contrast agent (e.g., Magnevist, Omniscan, or Prohance)
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Figures

Videos

Literature Cited

Literature Cited
  Barakos, J.A., Brown, J.J., and Higgins, C.B. 1989. MR imaging of secondary cardiac and paracardiac lesions. Am. J. Roentgenol. 153:47‐50.
   Hancock, E.W. 1990. Neoplastic pericardial disease. Cardiol. Clin. 8:673‐682.
   Martin, E.T., Fuisz, A.R., and Pohost, G.M. 1998. Imaging cardiac structure and pump function. Cardiol. Clin. 16:135‐160.
   Masui, T., Finck, S., and Higgins, C.B. 1992. Constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy: Evaluation with MR imaging. Radiology 182:369‐373.
Key References
   Dupuis, K., Thangaraj, V., and Edelman, R.R. 1996. Practical MRI for the technologist and imaging specialist. In Clinical Magnetic Resonance Imaging (R.R. Edelman, J.R. Hesselink, and M.B. Zlatkin, eds.) pp. 52‐87. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia.
  Covers a wide range of practical information for setting patients up for MRI and also includes a useful description of cardiac imaging sequence parameters.
   Higgins, C.B. 1992. Essentials of Cardiac Radiology and Imaging. J.B. Lippincott, New York.
  Contains a detailed description of the spectrum of modalities that can be used to image the pericardium, including plain film radiography and MRI.
  White, C.S. 1996. MR evaluation of the pericardium and cardiac malignancies. MRI Clin. North Am. 4:237‐251.
  Reviews the anatomy and pathology of the pericardium with an emphasis on MRI findings.
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