Pelvic Floor Relaxation

Julia R. Fielding1

1 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Unit Number:  Unit A20.3
DOI:  10.1002/0471142719.mia2003s08
Online Posting Date:  May, 2003
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Abstract

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Basic Protocol 1: Imaging the Pelvic Floor
  • Commentary
  • Figures
  • Tables
     
 
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Materials

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Figures

Videos

Literature Cited

Literature Cited
   Bertschinger, K.M., Hetzer, F.H., Roos, J.E., Treiber, K., Marincek, B., and Hilfiker, P.R. 2002. Dynamic MR imaging of the pelvic floor performed with patient sitting in an open‐magnet unit versus with patient supine in a closed‐magnet unit. Radiology 223:501‐508.
   Comiter, C.V., Vasavada, S.P., Barbaric, Z.L., Gousse, A.E., and Raz, S. 1999. Grading pelvic prolapse and pelvic floor relaxation using dynamic magnetic resonance imaging. Urology 3:454‐457.
   Fielding, J.R. 2002. Practical MR imaging of female pelvic floor weakness. Radiographics 22:295‐304.
   Fielding, J.R., Griffiths, D.J., Versi, E., Mulkern, R.V., Lee, M.L., and Jolesz, F.A. 1998. MR imaging of pelvic floor continence mechanisms in the supine and sitting positions. A.J.R. 171:1607‐1610.
   Fielding, J.R., Lee, J.H., Dubeau, C.E., Zou, K.H., and Resnick, N.M. 2000. Voiding cystourethrography findings in elderly women with urge incontinence. J. Urol. 163:1216‐1218.
   Gold, D.G., Halligan, S., Kmiot, W., and Bartram, C.I. 1999. Anal endosonography: Inter‐ and intra‐observer agreement. Br. J. Surg. 86:371‐375.
   Hoyte, L., Schierlitz, L., Zou, K., Flesh, G., and Fielding, J.R. 2001. Two‐ and 3‐dimensional MRI comparison of levator ani structure, volume, and integrity in women with stress incontinence and prolapse. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 185:11‐19.
   Kelvin, F.M., Maglinte, D.D., Hornback, J.A., and Benson, J.T. 1998. Pelvic prolapse: Assessment with evacuation proctography (defecography). Radiology 184:547‐551.
   Klutke, C., Golomb, J., Barbaric, Z., and Raz, S. 1990. The anatomy of stress incontinence: Magnetic resonance imaging of the female bladder neck and urethra. J. Urol. 143:563‐566.
   Ozasa, H., Mori, T., and Togashi, K. 1992. Study of uterine prolapse by magnetic resonance imaging: Topographical changes involving the levator ani muscle and the vagina. Gynecol. Obstet. Invest. 24:43‐48.
   Shellock, F.G. 2001. Pocket Guide to MR Procedures and Metallic Objects. Lippincott‐Raven, Philadelphia.
   Unterweger, M., Marincek, B., Gottstein‐Aalame, N., Debatin, J.F., Seifert, B., Ochsenbein‐Imhof, N., Perucchini, D., Kubik‐Huch, R.A. 2001. Ultrafast MR imaging of the pelvic floor. A.J.R. 176:959‐963.
   Yang, A., Mostwin, J.L., Rosenshein, N.B., and Zerhouni, E.A. 1991. Pelvic floor descent in women: Dynamic evaluation with fast MR imaging and cinematic display. Radiology 179:25‐33.
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