MR Arthrography of Shoulder

Christine B. Chung1, Leopoldo M. Gigena1, Donald Resnick1

1 Veterans Affairs, San Diego Healthcare System, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Unit Number:  Unit A22.2
DOI:  10.1002/0471142719.mia2202s03
Online Posting Date:  February, 2002
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The glenohumeral joint boasts the greatest range of motion of any peripheral joint in the body, but not without cost; it is also the most frequently dislocated joint in the body. Stability of this articulation is limited for two major reasons. The articulating surface of the glenoid is significantly smaller than that of the humeral head, and the joint capsule is redundant and provides little support. This unit presents a basic MR arthrography protocol for evaluation of glenohumeral joint instability.

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Table of Contents

  • Basic Protocol 1: Role of Evaluation in Shoulder Instability
  • Commentary
  • Literature Cited
  • Figures
  • Tables
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Literature Cited

Literature Cited
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   Chung, C.B., Dwek, J.D., Cho, G.J., Lektrakul, N., Trudell, D., and Resnick, D., Rotator cuff interval: Evaluation with MR imaging and MR Arthrography of the shoulder in 32 cadavers. J. comput. Assisted Tomogr. In press.
   Flannigan, B., Kursunoglu‐Brahme, S., Snyder, S., Karzel, R., Del Pizzo, W., and Resnick, D. 1990. MR arthrography of the shoulder: Comparison with conventional MR imaging. Am. J. Roentgenol. 155:829‐832.
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   Tirman, P.F., Bost, F.W., Steinbach, L.S., Mall, J.C., Peterfy, C.G., Sampson, T.G., Sheehan, W.E., Forbes, J.R., and Genant, H.K. 1994. MR arthrographic depiction of tears of the rotator cuff: Benefit of abduction and external rotation of the arm. Radiology 192:851‐856.
   Vahlensieck, M., Peterfy, C.G., Wischer, T., Sommer, T., Lang, P., and Schlippert, U., Genant, H.K., and Schild, H.H. 1996. Indirect MR arthrography: Optimization and clinical applications. Radiology 200:249‐254.
   Zanetti, M. and Hodler, J. 1997. Contrast media in MR arthrography of theglenohumeral joint: Intra‐articular gadopentetate vs saline: Preliminary results. Eur. Radiol. 7:498‐502.
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