Mouse Breeding and Colony Management

Abdelkader Ayadi1, Gisèle Ferrand2, Isabelle Goncalves da Cruz1, Xavier Warot2

1 Institut Clinique de la Souris (ICS), Illkirch, France, 2 Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
Unit Number:   
DOI:  10.1002/9780470942390.mo100214
Online Posting Date:  March, 2011
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Abstract

The possibility to genetically modify the mouse genome has enabled the creation of numerous lines of genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMs). As a result, the demand for housing space in research facilities is increasing. Knowledge of the basis of mouse reproduction and of the methods to handle colonies of GEMMs is therefore mandatory to efficiently populate facilities. The mouse has a short generation period, produces large progenies, and can breed all year round. However, environmental parameters (bedding, diet, cage type, temperature, hygrometry, light, noise, and sanitary status) strongly influence the breeding efficiency and experimental data, and must be tightly controlled. Efficient GEMM colony management requires adequate recording of breeding and proper identification and genotyping of animals. Various mating types and breeding schemes can be used, depending on the type of studies conducted. The recent development of assisted reproduction methods helps circumvent some of the issues faced with those lines especially difficult to breed. Curr. Protoc. Mouse Biol. 1:239‐264. © 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords: mouse; reproduction; breeding; efficiency; mating; colony management; assisted reproduction

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Basics of Mouse Reproduction
  • Factors Affecting Breeding Efficiency: Environmental Parameters
  • Factors Affecting Breeding Efficiency: Sanitary Status
  • Colony Management
  • Specific Breeding Methods: Assisted Reproduction Techniques
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Literature Cited
  • Figures
  • Tables
     
 
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Materials

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Internet Ressources
  http://www.jax.org
  Web site of the Jackson Laboratory. A number of online useful resources on mouse reproduction freely available (books, manuals, posters).
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