A Mouse Model for Ocular Surface Staphylococcus aureus Infection

Zhiyong Zhang1, Osama Abdel‐Razek2, Guirong Wang2

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Zhejiang Medical College Affiliated Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 2 Department of Surgery, The State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
Unit Number:   
DOI:  10.1002/cpmo.23
Online Posting Date:  March, 2017
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Abstract

Creation of an appropriate animal model that accurately reflects the disease and host immune response to bacterial infection in humans is a major challenge in ocular‐surface infection research. For decades, mice have been the ideal small animal model for ocular‐surface infection research because of the availability and relatively low cost of various genetic backgrounds, targeted defects, and immunologic reagents. By employing different combinations of mouse and bacterial strains, murine infection models can be used to explore a complete picture of bacterial infection and innate immunity of the ocular surface. A murine model of Staphylococcus aureus infection under normal ocular circumstances is presented here as a convenient and tractable model system in which to study mammalian host responses to pathogens. © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords: infection; cornea; Staphylococcus aureus, host defense; eye

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Basic Protocol 1: Mouse Model of Ocular Surface Infection with S. aureus
  • Support Protocol 1: Preparation of Bacteria Working Stocks
  • Support Protocol 2: Bacterial Clearance from the Ocular Surface of Mice
  • Support Protocol 3: Bacterial Invasion Index of Epithelial Cells
  • Support Protocol 4: Phagocytic Index of Neutrophils
  • Support Protocol 5: Corneal Fluorescein Staining
  • Commentary
  • Literature Cited
  • Figures
     
 
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Materials

Basic Protocol 1: Mouse Model of Ocular Surface Infection with S. aureus

  Materials
  • C57BL/6 mice, or other suitable strains of laboratory mice, 8 to 12 week of age
  • Animal scale
  • Heated pads for surgical bed and recovery
  • Non‐fenestrated, sterile field drape
  • Sterile 1‐ml plastic syringes
  • 25‐gauge needles
  • Pipet with sterile tip (appropriate for 5 µl volume)
  • Additional reagents and equipment for mouse anesthesia (Adams & Pacharinsak, )

Support Protocol 1: Preparation of Bacteria Working Stocks

  Materials
  • S. aureus (ATCC 25923)
  • Tryptic soy agar plates
  • Tryptic soy broth
  • Phosphate‐buffered saline (PBS), sterile

Support Protocol 2: Bacterial Clearance from the Ocular Surface of Mice

  Additional Materials (also see protocol 1Basic Protocol)
  • Mice inoculated with S. aureus (from Basic Protocol 1)
  • Tryptic soy agar plates

Support Protocol 3: Bacterial Invasion Index of Epithelial Cells

  Materials (also see protocol 1Basic Protocol)
  • Mice inoculated with S. aureus (from protocol 1Basic Protocol)
  • Cytospin centrifuge
  • Hema‐3 Stain Kit
  • Light microscope

Support Protocol 4: Phagocytic Index of Neutrophils

  Additional Materials (also see protocol 1Basic Protocol)
  • 1% (w/v) sodium fluorescein
  • Slit‐lamp biomicroscope equipped with camera
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Figures

Videos

Literature Cited

Literature Cited
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