Saturation Analysis of Ligand Binding Using a Centrifugation Procedure

Richard T. Layer1

1 Cognetix, Salt Lake City, Utah
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Neuroscience
Unit Number:  Unit 7.7
DOI:  10.1002/0471142301.ns0707s02
Online Posting Date:  May, 2001
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Abstract

The use of filtration assays is often unsuitable for radioligands with rapid dissociation rates. Rapid dissociation may result in the loss of significant amounts of bound ligand during the separation of bound from free ligand associated with filtration. The primary advantage of the centrifugation assay for characterizing the binding of a radioligand is that the bound ligand is separated from free ligand without initiating significant ligand dissociation from its receptor. Nonetheless, the small volume of supernatant that remains trapped within the membrane pellet (even after a superficial rinsing of the pellet surface) often results in an increased nonspecific binding compared to filtration techniques. The unit presents a protocol for the binding of [3H]glycine to the glycine recognition site of the NMDA receptor complex. This assay is commonly employed because of the current lack of high‐affinity agonist ligands that interact with this recognition site. The use of other radioligands may require different tissue preparations, buffer systems, and assay conditions, but the basic steps involving sedimentation of the pellet, removal of supernatant, superficial washing of the pellet surface, and solubilization of the pellet will remain the same.

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Commentary
  • Figures
  • Tables
     
 
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Materials

Basic Protocol 1:

  Materials
  • Rats
  • HTS‐sucrose: 5 mM HEPES/4.5 mM Tris⋅Cl/320 mM sucrose, pH 7.4, ice cold
  • HTS: 5 mM HEPES/4.5 mM Tris⋅Cl, pH 7.4, ice cold (store up to 2 weeks in a cold room)
  • HTS‐EDTA: 5 mM HEPES/4.5 mM Tris⋅Cl/1 mM EDTA, pH 7.4 (pH adjusted, if necessary, with concentrated HEPES‐free acid or Tris‐free base), ice cold
  • Unlabeled ligand
  • [3H]glycine (30 to 60 Ci/mmol; NEN Life Science)
  • TS‐2 tissue solubilizer (Research Products)
  • Glacial acetic acid
  • Dissection tools
  • Dry ice
  • Sorvall RC‐5B refrigerated superspeed centrifuge and SH‐MT and SS‐34 rotors (DuPont), or equivalent
  • 1.5‐ml O‐ring screw‐cap test tubes and screw‐cap microtube rack (Sarstedt)
  • Repeating pipettor (Brinkmann)
  • Brinkmann Dispensette (Fisher)
  • Rat guillotine or veterinary toenail clippers
  • Whatman filter paper
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Figures

Videos

Literature Cited

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