Animal Model of Chronic Migraine‐Associated Pain

Laura S. Moye1, Amynah A. A. Pradhan1

1 Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Publication Name:  Current Protocols in Neuroscience
Unit Number:  Unit 9.60
DOI:  10.1002/cpns.33
Online Posting Date:  July, 2017
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Abstract

Migraine is a debilitating condition that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. A subset of these patients experience chronic migraine, resulting in long‐term disability and a severely lowered quality of life. The development of novel migraine therapies has been slow, partially due to the small number of predictive animal models. We have recently developed a novel model of chronic migraine‐associated pain, using the known human migraine trigger, nitroglycerin. Injection of nitroglycerin evokes an acute mechanical hyperalgesia, which is sensitive to the acute migraine therapy sumatriptan. In addition, chronic administration of nitroglycerin produces a progressive and sustained decrease in basal mechanical responses, and this hypersensitivity is blocked by migraine preventatives such as topiramate. This mouse model of chronic migraine can be used to study the mechanisms underlying progression of migraine from an episodic to a chronic disorder, and for identifying and screening novel acute and preventive migraine therapies. © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords: headache; hyperalgesia; nitric oxide; nitroglycerin; rodent; pain

     
 
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Table of Contents

  • Commentary
  • Literature Cited
  • Figures
     
 
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Materials

Basic Protocol 1:

  Materials
  • C57BL/6 mice, 8‐24 weeks old, group housed
  • 5 mg/ml nitroglycerin (NTG; e.g., American Regent, NDC# 0517‐4810‐25)
  • Saline (0.9% NaCl)
  • Animal colony/vivarium
  • Behavioral testing room containing:
    • von Frey mesh stand (e.g., IITC Life Science, part no. 410)
    • Mouse plexiglass testing boxes (e.g., IITC Life Science, part no. 433)
  • Diaper/absorbent pads
  • Permanent marker
  • 5‐ml or 15‐ml tubes
  • von Frey filaments (weight in grams/size: 0.008/1.65, 0.04/2.44, 0.07/2.83, 0.16/3.22, 0.4/3.61, 0.6/3.84, 1/4.08, 2/4.31; e.g., Bioseb Bio‐VF‐M or Stoelting Touch Test Sensory Probes)
  • 1‐ml syringes with slip tip, sterile
  • 26 G, 1/2 in. needles, sterile
  • Digital scale
  • Timer
NOTE: All protocols using live animals must first be reviewed and approved by an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) or must conform to governmental regulations regarding the care and use of laboratory animals.
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Figures

Videos

Literature Cited

Literature Cited
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